Types Of Skin Discoloration
Skin discoloration is not at all attractive. It is the result of any skin condition or skin disease. The causes might be benign as well. If the skin appears discolored or there are patches here and there, you must get it diagnosed to find if there is any underlying medical condition. Vitiligo and Tinea Versicolor are the two diseases that cause skin discoloration. Certain portions of your skin might turn lighter while other parts may be dark resulting from a skin infection. Vitiligo is the result of any loss of skin pigmentation and shows in the form of pale or light spots on some areas of the skin. The condition is genetic and results from a problem in the immunity system. Make sure skin discoloration is not due to some underlying medical condition.
Uneven pigmentation may result from excessive exposure to the rays of the sun or non-removal of dead cells. There are various types of skin discoloration, and they must be handled separately. Each kind of skin discoloration needs different sort of treatment.
The Various Kinds of Skin Discoloration
To learn what type of skin discoloration you suffer from, you need to know the symptoms of skin discoloration. Skin discoloration implies any change in the natural color of the skin. Your skin may become whitish, yellowish, brownish, reddish, and orange or it may even become bluish. Normal skin constitutes cells known as melanocytes that are responsible for the production of melanin or skin pigment. The skin color you have is determined by the total amount of melanin secreted. The following are the types of skin discoloration:
- When there is a loss of melanin, it results to hypopigmentation. The one who suffers from hypopigmentation has lighter skin than the natural color of the skin. Some of the examples of hypopigmentation are Tinea Versicolor and Vitiligo.
- When the skin develops dark patches, the kind of skin discoloration is called hyperpigmentation. As the name suggests, here there is excessive production of skin pigment, melanin. Overproduction of melanin occurs due to overactive melanocytes. If you are regularly exposed to the harsh rays of the sun, it can result in hyperpigmentation.
- Your skin may become pale when the amount of oxyhemoglobin reduces. As per the symptoms of skin paleness, the kind of discoloration may be categorized further. There may be white patches on the skin.
- Skin reddening is another kind of skin discoloration. Redness may appear on specific areas or in the entire body. Skin redness may be caused due to sunburn, rash, viral infection, fever, eczema, and dermatitis.
- When there is jaundice, the skin becomes pale and yellow in color. Jaundiced skin is again a kind of skin discoloration. If the skin turns yellow, you must take immediate medical help. Apart from the skin, the color of the nails and eyes become yellow.
- Orange skin discoloration is a severe condition like the yellow color skin discoloration. When the infants start eating solid food, they usually have orange patches on the skin. If there is excessive consumption of carotene-rich food, it will result in carotenemia.
- There is a condition called Cyanosis that may make your skin blue. When there is lack of oxygen supply in the blood, Cyanosis develops. It may also result from abnormal hemoglobin.
Symptoms and various treatment options
Any change in the color of the skin might result from an underlying skin condition. But, the symptoms vary as per the cause of the discoloration. If there is skin discoloration, you may take up therapies to get rid of the patchy skin. To diagnose the underlying medical condition, one must contact a dermatologist. Apply sunscreen lotion and avoid excessive exposure to the UV rays of the sun. You will notice different hues on the skin basing on the skin of discoloration it is. Skin discoloration might result from inflammation, pregnancy, mineral overload, certain medications, etc.
The natural aging process can also cause skin discoloration
This is one of the prominent reasons for skin discoloration. There can be liver spots, age spots developing from exposure to sun’s rays. Age spots do appear on the neck, face, arms and décolleté. To avoid such age spots, you must follow skincare routine from the early age.
Other Kinds of Skin Discoloration
Freckles that are visible on the lighter complexion are mostly genetic. But, excessive exposure to UVA and UVB rays of the sun can cause severe skin damage. Photo-melanosis is another kind of skin discoloration. You will notice patchy pigmentation on your arms, back, face and neck. Skin becomes reddish due to excessive sunburn. People who are fair, their skin becomes red easily under sunny conditions.
What is PIH skin discoloration?
Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation results from skin inflammation. The kind of discoloration may manifest in the form of red, brown, pink or blackish spots all over the skin or on specific areas. The color of the spot relies on the skin tone. If you are dark skinned, there will be black spots and similar. It is essential to contact a dermatologist if nothing works out for you.
Key Reasons for Skin Discoloration
There can be various reasons behind skin discoloration:
- It may result from liver disease, heart disease or maybe albinism.
- Pregnant women are more likely to get skin patches. But, such patches disappear as soon as the woman delivers.
- It may be due to the side effect of any medication
- Some food items may cause skin discoloration
- Too much exposure to the harmful rays of the sun.
Tips for treating the types of skin discoloration
There are various types of skin discoloration, and each type requires special care and attention. You must determine the type and the exact cause of it. Choose a skin expert to resolve the issue. Use prescription medication and creams as instructed by the dermatologist.
Patchy skin is embarrassing for the one who has it. If you get rid of dark spots, you will appear more beautiful. Hormonal imbalance, air pollution, genetic factors and the use of specific cosmetic products may cause skin discoloration. It is essential to take quick action and address the kinds of skin discoloration.